Correct mail configuration is especially important if you own a "biz" domain, to avoid having your email misinterpreted or misclassified as spam.
Sender Policy Framework
SPF is described in RFC 7208 and implemented as a DNS TXT record.
example.biz. 86400 IN TXT "v=spf1 a mx ~all"
Too short a time-to-live (here 86400 seconds) is often taken as an indicator of spammishness. The "biz" tld itself uses 900 seconds, but that can be used to quickly revoke a spammer's domain.
The version was never updated from 1, but other tools were developed to be used in conjunction with SPF.
DomainKeys Identified Mail
DKIM is described in RFC 6376 and implemented by a public key in another DNS TXT record. Here is the general gist of very simple possible example.
default._domainkey.example.biz. 86400 IN TXT "v=DKIM1; k=rsa; p=base64encodedpublickey"
If you are going to use DKIM on your domain, then you need a "milter" or similar software for your server to sign outgoing email headers with a private key corresponding to the public key in the DNS record, and, if you wish, to verify DKIM signatures on incoming mail. See OpenDKIM.
Domain-based Message Authentication, Reporting, and Conformance
_dmarc.example.biz. 86400 IN TXT "v=DMARC1; p=quarantine"
DMARC is widely deployed. There is a DMARC Record Assistant and other tools to help you create your own DMARC record online, as well as commercial services such as Dmarcian, employed by banks and financial services among others.
All of the foregoing technologies are implemented with DNS records. To further secure the authenticity of your email, you might consider using X.509+DNSSEC+DANE+CAA on your domain.